• Legislation and land laws
Ghana has dual land legislation-statutory and customary, but they operate in parallel manner.
Different land tenure and land management systems coexisting in the country since colonial times have been endorsed by the Constitutions of 1962, 1969, 1979 and 1992.
The land area is classified as public domain and customary domain. Land belonging to the State are administered by the National Commission Crown (National Land Commission). The regional commissions extend their administrative functions to the customary sector.
In 1993, Law No. 462 of the Local Government (Local Government Act) provided for the establishment of district assemblies and metropolitan assemblies involved in several areas.
They have legislative powers to create domestic regulations, grant planning permission and development, and applying regulations and sanctions. Customary tenure system and land management applies to 90 per cent of the land little developed and is not homogeneous. Study says although there are considerable differences between the North, South and West, different customary systems have shared the common trait that is “staying strong, dynamic and evolving” in the whole national territory, allowing them to address the economic, social and political development.
A land title registration system was introduced in 1986, but it has had an insignificant impact due to its selective application.
Existing laws hardly restricts massive acquisition of land. Like in some countries under review most cases of massive acquisition of land are by multinationals, government, and wealthy individuals. However, there were resistance against land grabbing by civil society group and farmers associations.
• Access to land for women
Unlike Togo where access to land for women is very limited, women in some parts of Ghana, especially in the South and Southwest have a small facility for access to land.
This situation is partly due to the matrilineal system in force in that country.
Indeed, Ghana is one of the African countries where the girl in certain communities has the same right of inheritance as the boy.
However, there are situations where access is difficult because of certain cultural considerations.
This is the case in South-East of the country which has virtually the same cultural practices like Togo.
The study shows that there are gender inequalities in the allocation of land rights by formal law or customary law. It therefore suggested among others, improvement of women’s rights through the Department of Justice and involvement of parliament for better decision; ensuring effective representation of women in the implementation of land policy;
initiate training for those responsible for the land sector agencies; develop that involve women based on gender.
Country Hoarders Country of origine Business Line Registered in Ghana area acquired Speculations Discussion Levels
Comments and further details
Ghana Symboil Germany Energy Accra 13.500 Oil palm completed Symboil is a major vegetable oil suppliers operators cogeneration plants in Germany. The company started its production and export of palm oil in Ghana in 2007 and acquired 7,000 ha with a 49-year lease and an expansion option on 13,500 ha. It also plans to invest in the
Qatar Qatar Governe-ment Accra 50.000 food crops ongoing In December 2010, Reuters reported that the governments of Ghana and Qatar had decided to launch a joint venture to produce food crops in Ghana to export to Qatar. They announced plans to start a project of 50,000 ha.
Atlantic Holdings EAU Agrobusi-ness Tema 10.000 Maize Completed Africa Atlantic Holdings Ltd is a Dubai based company that invests in agricultural land in Ghana. So far, it has received a 50-year lease on 10,000 acres on the shores of Lake Volta in the Afram Plains District, where she wants to grow corn. . The company was founded by former assistant to the U.S. Congress Jon Vandenheuvel and Kristopher Klokkenga, an American who worked for ADM and Wilmar Africa. It is chaired by Issa Baluch, owner of Swift Group of Dubai, one of the largest transportation logistics companies in the UAE. Africa Atlantic also has a subsidiary, Africa Atlantic Franchise Farms Ltd., which sells franchises to local and foreign investors for the firm managed by Atlantic Africa in Ghana.
T4M Royaume-Uni Agrobusi-ness Kumasi 100.000 Rice Completed T4M claims to have completed negotiations to obtain 25-year leases on an area of 100,000 ha to 300,000 ha in Ghana and Nigeria. T4M working in partnership with the Government of Vietnam and the support of the British government. The company is looking for investors to inject 425 million U.S. dollars in each farm 10,000 ha it plans to build on land it leased.
Jose García-Carrion Spain Agrobusi-ness Accra 10.000 Fruits Completed The fruit grower Spanish José García-Carrión has acquired 10,000 hectares of land in Ghana, mainly for producing pineapples for export to Europe.